Understanding 4 Types of Thyroid Conditions

Understanding 4 Types of Thyroid Conditions

(Baptiste Health) – Many health changes can occur if you don’t take care of your body when it needs it. In the United States, more than 12% of the population suffers from an undiagnosed disease. thyroid condition because the symptoms are often mild. Although some of the causes of thyroid gland problems are unknown, here are the most common types of thyroid conditions, risk factors, and when you should see a doctor.

What is the thyroid?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the front of our neck. The thyroid gland secretes hormones and helps control many metabolic activities such as heart rate, body temperature, energy production, and many other bodily functions.

Common thyroid conditions

Two hormones produced by the thyroid gland help the body function regularly, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). Several conditions can occur if the thyroid gland is underactive Where overactive in hormone production.

Here are four of the most common types of thyroid conditions:

1. Hyperthyroidism

This condition occurs when the thyroid gland produces more thyroxine hormone than the body needs. Although hyperthyroidism can affect people of all ages differently, women are more likely to have an underactive thyroid.

Some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism are:

  • Tired
  • rapid heartbeat
  • Weight and hair loss
  • Nervousness
  • Itchy skin
  • The humor changes
  • Sleeping troubles
  • Bulging eyes (exophthalmos)
  • Changes in menstrual cycles
  • Difficulty sleeping

2. Hypothyroidism

Another type of condition is hypothyroidism which occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. This condition is more common in women and people over the age of 50.

Some of the symptoms of this disease develop slowly and may include:

  • Weight gain
  • swollen face
  • Fertility problems in women
  • slow heart rate
  • Pain in muscles and joints
  • Dry skin and fragile or brittle hair
  • Depression

3. Goiter or enlarged thyroid gland

An enlarged thyroid, also known as goiter, can develop as a result of iodine deficiency, inflammation of the thyroid gland, or certain medications.

“If you notice swelling in your neck or have symptoms such as changes in your voice, coughing, difficulty swallowing or breathing, and a feeling of pressure, contact your healthcare provider for an evaluation and treatment options,” said Karen Thrift, APRN, who specializes in endocrinology. , from Baptist Health-Fort Smith Adult Medicine Specialists.

4. Thyroid cancer

There are several types of thyroid cancer. Depending on each case, some cancers may not cause symptoms.

  • Papillary thyroid cancer (carcinoma): It is one of the most common forms of cancer and it spreads to the lymph nodes. Papillary thyroid cancer is asymptomatic at first, but some people may notice and feel a palpable lump.
  • Follicular thyroid cancer: Compared to papillary cancer, this type of cancer is more aggressive and can even spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream.
  • Medullary thyroid cancer: This type of cancer can spread through the lymph nodes and to other organs. This cancer is likely to run in families.
  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer: This type is less common, but occurs aggressively with a low chance of recovery.

Most thyroid cancers rarely become aggressive and cause death. Early detection is better for curing thyroid cancer and prolonging a person’s life. Even for those whose diagnosis is at an advanced stage, the cure rate is still high.

Learn more about the signs that you may have a problem with your thyroid.

Risk factors

Some people are more likely to develop diseases related to the thyroid gland. Factors that influence your risk are genes, having an autoimmune disease such as type 1 diabetes or celiac disease, lifestyle factors, smoking, psychological stress, and certain medications containing lithium iodine.

When should you see your doctor

If you have one or more of these symptoms, make an appointment with one of our major Baptist Health providers or specialists to see if your symptoms are related to the thyroid.

Getting tested and eliminating the odds is the first step to taking care of your health. The treatment for each thyroid condition will depend on the type of problem you may have.